Helios 44 M – Lens Review

Helios 44 M – Lens Review

4138 2328 James Tocchio

[This article is a guest post. All images and words were contributed by Emil Berth, and are used here with permission.]

The recent surge in popularity of mirror-less cameras coupled with affordable lens adapters has effectively elevated a handful of mostly-forgotten legacy lenses to a new level of popularity that they’ve not enjoyed in decades. One such lens bears the name Helios, and the Helios 44 models in particular are regarded by many photo geeks as being among the greatest legacy lenses to come from the long-departed U.S.S.R.

But why does this lens enjoy such cult status these days? What makes it so desirable compared to its German and Japanese contemporaries? Is it especially lightweight? Does it produce exceptional sharpness?

We wanted to know, so I took the lens for a little walk around Copenhagen to see what it could do.

Helios 44 M Lens Review (1 of 8)

A bit of history; the Helios 44M is a Soviet-made copy of a rather remarkable and famous Zeiss creation- the Biotar 58mm F/2. The fast, six-element anastigmat is among the most mass-produced lenses in the world, with production spanning over 33 years. As the Ural is to BMW, and the Zorki is to Contax, the Helios arrived a little late and left a little to be desired.

So why is it so popular today?

The first thing one notices when holding the lens is its weight. This entirely metal and glass design is, relative to its small size, a real heavyweight at 300 grams (that’s 10.6 ounces for you Imperial Unit folk).

This may not seem like a lot on paper, but in a bag, pocket, or perched on the front of a camera the density is impressive. And while the weight may be a bit much for some, it also gives a feeling that one’s holding quality goods in the palm.

Then there’s the aesthetics; it’s a beautiful lens when viewed en face, but from the side this changes somewhat. That’s because when viewed from the side we see the rough-looking engravings and multi-colored lines, numbers and dots that indicate focus and aperture number. The choice of colors is a bit jarring, and the metalwork is among the less refined we’ve seen. That said, we are guilty of enjoying the charming nostalgia of a bygone time when we see the the little green inscription that reads, “Made in U.S.S.R.”

s-l1600 (1)

When it comes to build quality the Russians have done a decent job. Although not comparable to glass from Leica or even a nice Nikkor, the focus ring spins smoothly enough (though our copy does get a bit tight in cold weather). The aperture ring’s motion is similarly acceptable, though we wish the f-stops were spaced a bit more freely. Tight placement means it can be a bit finicky to hit the desired f-number.

Age (or misuse) has caught up to many Helios lenses, with aperture blade synchronization failing in many examples. The product of this being that bokeh highlights can appear lopsided at times.

Naturally the legacy nature of this lens means that shooters wont get an f-number displayed in the viewfinder, as we see in modern lenses with fancy circuitry. And while their are M42 mount adapters available that boast of chips for reading aperture values on modern machines, these shouldn’t be trusted. These cheap adapters often provide the camera with a false aperture value of 0 or 3.2, depending on the model.

So it’s a well-built lens that’s compact and relatively fluid in handling. But what is it like to shoot? And what kind of images can it make? The photos it makes, as with all lenses, is the true measure of the Helios’ value.

Helios 44 M Lens Review (4 of 8)

First thing’s first, the 58mm fixed focal may be a bit odd if you’re used to the more common standard prime focal lengths, these usually being 35mm and 50mm. But this unusual focal length is something that should be embraced, as it forces the shooter to be more creative. Taking a step backward or forward to frame the subject, or approaching a shot from a different perspective might help photo geeks see things just a bit differently.

Shooting wide open presents a mixed bag of image aberrations and desirable traits. For one, the lens exhibits moderate vignetting and softness around the edges when shot at F/2. This can imbue images with an ethereal quality typically found in the oldest of antique lenses. Depending on what the shooter is trying to achieve, this can be charming or bothersome.

Helios 44 M Lens Review (8 of 8)

Stopped down to F/5.6 or F/8, things sharpen drastically. Images are relatively crisp and detailed, though I stress the qualifying term. Shots are only impressively sharp in relation to this lens’ wide open performance. When compared to other contemporary lenses at any F-stop, the Helios just isn’t super sharp; adequate, but not worthy of note.

Tonality and color are very nice, with the lens producing soft, warm colours. Even in the chilly November air, it renders the autumn sky and the crispy leaves in earthy splendor.

Helios 44 M Lens Review (7 of 8)

And now we get to the showpiece of the Helios 44M; the bokeh! And this bokeh is truly unique. In fact, it’s this bokeh that first drives many photophiles to buy the lens.

When shot wide open with a subject in the midground, it’s possible to get what’s commonly referred to as “swirly bokeh,” in which the background seems to swirl and bulge around the center of the frame. When shot with a central subject, this is a very cool effect, and one that is difficult to find in any other lens. Used with taste, it can help to make some very interesting shots.

Helios 44 M Lens Review (6 of 8)

So when all is said and done, is this a lens that you’ve got to own?

For me, the feeling of old, Russian glass in my hands never goes out of style. And the swirly bokeh in union with the effect of the strong vignette makes this perfect for unusual portraiture. Though restricted from use as a truly versatile all-rounder due to the focal length, experimental photogs will love its eccentricities.

Those on the fence should also consider the Helios’ $25 price tag. That price point, and the great feeling it gives in use, make it easy to recommend.

If you’re looking for a legacy lens with some peculiar qualities, and one that might get you of your comfort zone once in a while, you may just fall in love with the Helios 44M.

Want your own Helios?

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is the founder of CP. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic cameras and the most advanced digital machines. In addition to his work on CP, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio
  • This, I will have to put this on my list, this would go nicely with my pentax. ?

  • I just purchased this amazing lens and although I haven’t been able to test it thoroughly I read it tends to get a bit of more than normal flare (which can be good if that’s the style you are looking for) and something I noticed is that at f/2 is a little bit soft (the kind of softness you get when using a diffuser filter). I wonder if you have noticed the same on yours.

    • Hi there. Emil reviewed this lens, so maybe he can chime in for a response, but going from what he wrote and my experience, these lenses can flare quite a bit since some versions have multicoating and some do not. The versions without optical coatings will naturally present more noticeable flare and ghosting, and generally diminished contrast.

      And yes, Emil says that at F/2 things are pretty soft, generally speaking. Though I’m not sure it should be as soft as when using a diffuser. Check your lens for haze, perhaps?

      Hope this helps!

      • Hello, I actually purchased a 44M recently and am experiencing some ghosting. Would this suggest that my lens is not optically coated, and if so, should I buy a new one to avoid this ghosting?

  • Gregory (@noctous_) December 10, 2015 at 4:34 pm

    It’s really, really great, cheap lens. I’m using it to macro and portrait photography, and I love this crazy, swirly bokeh <3.
    http://monoctous.tumblr.com/image/115230469350 Portait
    https://500px.com/photo/81399559/closer-ii-by-grzegorz-mleczek?ctx_page=1&from=user&user_id=6521564 Macro]

    It's affordable, and I recommend it to people who are fresh in photography world. Build quality is top-notch, and this lens force you to learn.

  • How is the Zorki to the Contax? I think you mean Kiew.

  • Thanks for the tip about the Helios. Super dreamy bokeh. You’re right with that price tag there is no excuse to try.Any recommendations on adapters? FotodioX?

  • Trying to use this lens on my XT2 with an adapter, but shutter does activate. What am i missing?

  • Steve Barringer July 17, 2017 at 9:53 pm

    I love this lens. It was cheap, got it from a seller in Russia, and it works perfectly. When you want an amazing bokeh, this and my Leica Leitz Summitar 5cm f/2 (1949) are my “go to” lenses. It has quite the unique swirl or flow to it that makes it intriguing.
    Great lens!

  • Your copy looks extremely sharp compared to mine. I have a 44-2 and an 44M-6. The 44-2 is sharper but it is still softer than my Yashica 50mm 1.4
    Also though both the Helios are f2, the 44-2 is almost a stop slower in light gathering. Should I get them cleaned or look for another copy?

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is the founder of CP. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic cameras and the most advanced digital machines. In addition to his work on CP, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio