5 Tips for Street Photography Beginners

5 Tips for Street Photography Beginners

1280 720 James Tocchio

Street photography has been around for as long as there have been cameras, and while this segment of photography is well-established, there will always be people who have just recently discovered the artform. Not surprisingly, street photography is unlike any other type of shooting, and comes with its own unique rules, etiquette, and technique. Here are five simple tips for street photography beginners.

Tip 1 : Don’t Be Shy

It’s obvious, but one of the first (and largest) hurdles to overcome when beginning in street photography is the sheer anxiety caused by pointing a camera at a stranger. It’s daunting, for sure, and some shooters never get over it, but the ones that do learn early that a smile goes a long way. As you’re strolling through town, don’t look like a weirdo. Carry yourself with positivity. Hold your head up. Make eye contact with strangers. Smile, and be forward with what you’re doing. Don’t try to hide your camera or take shots with attempted inconspicuousness. It never works, and people hate the feeling that you’re stealing photos of them.

Many of the best street photos are candid, but don’t be afraid to approach people and tell them that you took or would like to take their photo. Be prepared to tell them why; whether you like their hat, think their dog is cute, or just find them to be beautiful. Often these kinds of introductions lead to wonderful conversations, and leave the subjects feeling great about themselves. If you’re too shy for open conversation, take the shot anyway and be prepared to smooth things over if the subject looks annoyed, confused, or uncomfortable. A smile or a wave will usually suffice. Ninety-nine times out of one-hundred, everything will be fine. You’ll get your shot, and you and your subject will go on with your lives.

Tip 2 : Find Your Ideal Gear

Some street shooters can be pretty obnoxious when it comes to gear. At times, it can seem as if those people care more about the gear than the photographs being produced. When this thinking runs amok, it doesn’t take long before every conversation has devolved into a showoff showdown. You don’t need a Leica to shoot great street photos. If the forums and blogs have you convinced that you need a Leica, but you can’t afford one, don’t get discouraged. Having a budget doesn’t mean you can’t shoot great street photos. In the hands of a photographer who values thoughtfulness, practice, and patience, even the most humble of machines can create amazing photographs.

wide angle lens street shooting

Shoot with whatever feels most natural.

The important thing is to find whatever gear works best for you. If you produce your best images with a DSLR, get yourself a D610 and use it. If you find you’re quickest with a super-small and quiet mirror-less, buy the Fujifilm X-E2 and have at it. If you love the fast focusing of a rangefinder and the nostalgia of stinky film in your hand, buy an old Canonet. The important thing is to find yourself a camera system that feels completely natural in your hands, because good street shots come from focusing on the environment; not from focusing on the gear.

Tip 3 : Use a Wide-Angle Lens

The standard focal lengths for street shooting range from 28 to 50 mm (in 35mm format), and most shooters tend to gravitate towards the 50 mm focal length. While using a nifty-fifty is perfectly fine, it can get a bit stale. Some of the most dramatic street shots come from wider focal lengths. You shouldn’t shoot exclusively with a wide-angle lens, but using one occasionally is certainly necessary. Try a focal length anywhere from 20 to 35 mm. These lenses create an exaggeration of relative size, effectively pushing the background away while drawing the subject in for more prominence.

These wide lenses allow the photographer to shoot more of the scene in areas of limited space. They also require the shooter to get closer to the subject, always a good thing in street photography. So mount up a nice wide-angle lens, and get up close and personal.

Tip 4 : Avoid Shots of the Homeless

There are absolutely people that will disagree with this point, but the majority of photographs of homeless people are redundant, cliché, and borderline disrespectful. That said, there are amazing photographs of homeless people, and some of these shots tell incredibly diverse and poignant stories of humanity. The problem is that most beginners think shooting the homeless (with a camera) is the ticket to artistic cachet. It’s not.

In the end the photographer needs to use good judgement. If there’s a situation unfolding in front of your lens that tells a unique and important story, take the shot. Something like a homeless man consoling a crying man in a suit would be an interesting shot. As in any photography, the photographer should think before the shot. Ask yourself why you’re taking the photo. If there’s a valid reason, take it. But I question the artistic validity of running up to a sad, old guy who’s sleeping on a park bench and waking him with a full blast of speedlite.

Tip 5 : Cultivate Patience

One of the best bits of advice for would-be street shooters is to cultivate patience. There’s this strange misconception around street shooting that prescribes to the notion that street photographers need always be darting from place to place, hunting the elusive shot. Nothing could be further from the truth. Often the best street shots come from photographers who know the value of patience and quiet observation.

street photography patience

Waiting for a subject.

You don’t need to run around like a maniac, so take your time and relax. If you find a great location with some seriously slick visuals, but sadly lacking in subject, just frame the shot and wait. Take a seat on a step, or lean against a lamppost; just keep your eyes open. In short order that beautiful and dynamic background will be populated by an interesting subject, and if you’ve cultivated patience you’ll be ready when the decisive moment presents itself.

Street photography by its very nature is constantly changing. As cultures evolve, so too do the images produced in street shooting. No other type of photography is so fresh and exciting with every new decade, with every new day. So if this segment of the photographic world seems interesting, don’t let your inhibitions or expectations hold you back. Be free, shoot some shots, and don’t beat yourself up if you’re not immediately producing images as striking as those of Fan Ho. The important thing is to just get out there and shoot what you see.

If you’d like to read more tips for street photography, let me know in the comments.

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is the founder of CP. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic cameras and the most advanced digital machines. In addition to his work on CP, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio
  • Great post and insightful tips. Since I move to Tokyo I have re-focused on my film and street shooting again with my first SLR (Pentax K1000). It’s been a fun and largely learning process. I do enjoy taking more time to conceptulize the shots I take.
    100% agree with getting over shyness, smile, hold up your camera and shoot. I do get shot down here and there but with all the people here there is a willing participant around every corner.

    • Thanks my friend. Is there anywhere online we can see your street shots from Japan? I spent two weeks there in the past and would love to go back.

  • tastedandtraveled April 11, 2016 at 8:36 am

    Hi! I’m a new blogger and have completely fallen in love with a community like this. Thanks for the street photography tips. I’ve always thought about photography but never really got into it until I began blogging and especially after I found this blog. I don’t have any fancy cameras but I 100% agree with what you said: you don’t need fancy gadgets as long as the passion is there. This post brightened my day, so thanks 🙂

  • Randle P. McMurphy April 19, 2016 at 10:37 am

    I love to take pictures of people, of life. Even on festivals or markets I always try to catch one moment, one person like a piece of a puzzle
    and then after setting them all together you feel the whole atmosphere again. I prefer to use the 135mm lens. It gives me the distance not
    to disturb people, so I can photograph both – unnoticed without be in the personal space or ask for a portrait without loosing eye contact.
    I really love the Nikkor AIs 2,0/135 at my Nikon D800 or more unobtrusively the amazing build Nikkor Q 3,5/135 at my Nikon D700.

  • Excellent practical advice. I will change some of my street shooting behaviors as a result of this blog.

  • I have found the ideal camera for street photography: a Leica 111, made in 1935 teamed with a 3.5cm f3.5 Summaron lens. Stopped down to at least f8 and focus set to around 10 feet, its small and discrete. My technique is this: camera is in my jacket pocket, set and wound on. Sauntering along, I see my shot. When at the correct distance, camera comes out, up to the eye, click and back in my pocket all in one simple, fluid movement. I carry on walking, don’t loiter or hang about. No troubles at all from police, security guards, people, interfering busybodies etc etc. It is people who loiter that get in trouble.

  • Hilarious! Almost all the advice is wrong.

    1. Use long lenses, not wide-angle ones.
    2. Learn how to be stealthy, so that people aren’t bothered by your presence.
    3. Get a Leica.

    See my people photos here:

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is the founder of CP. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic cameras and the most advanced digital machines. In addition to his work on CP, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio